What are the different species of termites?
It is not possible to list all the individual species of termites on this page, because termites, being a group of insects, consist of thousands of species, some of which we are familiar with, the others we aren’t so familiar with.
It is more realistic to list out the different groups of termites than to list out every species of termites. As discussed in the “diet” page, termites are generally grouped according to their feeding habits.
Subterranean termites, especially Eastern Subterranean Termites, are very common in the United States. These termites are the most destructive ones, able to consume a lot of cellulostic material daily. They live in subterranean conditions, residing below ground. These termites build mud tunnels between their colonies and their food sources, and attack all kinds of wood. Subterranean termites are found all over the continental United States, except for Alaska because conditions in Alaska are too harsh for their survival.
Dampwood termites are not as common as other termites. These termites are the least destructive out of the subterranean, drywood and dampwood groups of termites. Dampwood termites thrive under moist conditions, as the name implies, and only attack moist wood. Therefore, they are the least of homeowners worries unless their wood is excessively wet. These termites are found in limited numbers across the United States. Dampwood termites are more commonly found in Florida than in any other state.
Drywood termites are found in smaller quantities than subterranean termites. In the continental United States, they are found in areas which do not experience freezing temperatures during their winters (for example, California, Florida and Texas), all in the southern part of the United States. As their name implies, drywood termites feed on wood that is dry. Thus, they are capable of causing much damage, though not as severe as the damage subterranean termites cause. Unlike subterranean termites, drywood termites do not require contact with the soil to thrive, and can survive in dry conditions.