How is termite treatment carried out?

There are several ways to carry out termite treatment. Any of these methods may be used by termite control specialists. Some of these methods include heat treatment, bait treatment, boric treatment, insecticide treatment and fumigation. The type of treatment that should be used is determined by a few factors. First, the species of termite that is infesting the home must be determined in order to facilitate effective treatment. For example, bait treatment will not work on drywood termites as they do not move around into other parts of the building. Then it also has to be determined whether the owner has any animals that may be harmed by certain treatment methods. A more detailed description of the treatment methods can be found below.


Fumigation refers to the filling up of an area with poisnonous insecticides that suffocate or kill the pests within it. It is the most effective treatment method available. However, fumigation is a hazardous operation, because the fumes are poisonous to most life forms, including humans. Once a fumigation operation has started, the occupants of the home may be required to leave the home for a period of time, usually around six hours. Proper ventilation of the area after fumigation is a very important part of the process. Before fumigation starts, the affected area is covered, usually with a tent, so as to inform others that it is not safe to enter the area and also to create a sealed environment, essential for the fumigant to work against the termites.

Insecticide treatment

Another way of treating termites is through insecticide. First, holes are drilled into the diseased wood. Then, toxic insecticide is injected into the diseased wood. After injection, the holes must be sealed with caulk to prevent termites from moving to other parts of the wood. In 1 to 6 months, the whole colony will die. However, the problem with this method is that the insecticide is poisonous, and leave residue on carpets, walls and panels for many years.

Bait treatment

The application of this treatment is relatively simple. Baits, that appear as edible pellets to termites, are placed around the house. These pellets contain substances harmful to termites. The worker termites, that consume these baits and share it amongst their nestmates (including the queen), causing a decline in colony population. If effective enough, the entire colony may be eradicated. But that's quite difficult if you're talking about a colony with millions of termites.

Boric treatment

Quite a basic treatment. It can be argued that this treatment is a preventative measure, but studies have shown it causes current population to decline as well. In boric treatment, boric acid, dissolved in water is painted onto affected areas.

Heat treatment

This treatment is quite simple. For this treatment, small microwave beams are fired onto the affected area for 2-3 minutes, killing all termites within 1-3 days. This treatment is only effective for smaller numbers of termites. These rays are shot by microwave-like guns.

Electricity treatment

Wherever the location, termites can be killed instantly by electricity. In this method, electric ray guns are fired at the affected area, killing termites instantly. This method can be applied to termite nests to destroy the colonies.